79 80 In 1994, in Judgment.
456 See also edit References edit Bergen, Raquel Kennedy, "Marital Rape" on the site of the Applied Research Forum, National Electronic Network on Violence Against Women.
Of the 3,709 reported calls dealing with rape and attempted rape received by the 16 centers, 12 calls dealt with marital rape (0.3).
In Pakistan, there is legal pluralism where the state's legal system intertwines secular and religious law of Islam (Bovarnik, 2007).Retrieved ian-Pacific Resource and Research Centre (arrow).This can play out in criminalizing or not criminalizing marital rape and therefore deeming what is appropriate."Israel 2017 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices".In these types of forced marriages, the marital union begins with the man's intense sense of control over the woman, combined with the understanding that the wife is the possession of her husband (Menjívar, 2016).261 Equatorial Guinea Yes As of 2018.A b Section 29 of the Family Protection Act 2013 reads: "Subject to clause 12 of the Constitution, in addition to liability under this Act, a respondent may also be prosecuted under other criminal laws for the time being in force for his acts.The Criminal Law Consolidation Act Amendment Act 1976 read: 157 "No person shall, by reason only of the fact that he is married to some other person, be presumed to have consented to sexual intercourse with that other person".
In India, classical Hindu law defines the state's understanding of marriage.
156 The first Australian state to deal with marital rape was South Australia.
"Normalizing Suffering, Robadas, Coercive Power, and Marital Unions among Ladinas in Eastern Guatemala." Marital Rape: Consent, Marriage and Social Change in Global Context.
172 Attributing the effects of marital rape in research is problematic as it is nearly impossible to find a large enough sample of spouses to study who have experienced sexual violence but have not also been physically assaulted by their spouse.
While there are many reasons for which victims of marital rape remain in their marriages, one important reason is that divorce may be hard to obtain and/or is stigmatized (Kwiatowski, 70).
The maximum legal penalty for rape is life imprisonment.
224 Burundi 224 Yes The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, with penalties bad boy gifts of up to 30 years imprisonment.99 Namibia outlawed marital rape in 2000."Legislation in the member States of the Council of Europe in the field of violence against women" (PDF)."Kiribati 2017 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices"."Hungary 2017 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices".Retrieved "Azerbaijan 2017 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices".Six of these women (1) self-assessed that they had been raped by their husbands, ex-husband, or de facto husbands.For many other countries, the concept of marital rape is itself an oxymoron (Smith, 2016).